Outputs can be calculated from Inputs & Transfer Functions in three different ways;
Output Time Waveforms or Fourier spectra from Input Time Waveforms or Fourier spectra & Transfer Functions
Cross spectra between Inputs & Outputs.
Output Auto spectra or PSDs from Auto spectra or PSDs & Transfer Functions
Output Fourier spectra are calculated from Transfer Functions and Input Fourier spectra using the formula;
{X(w)} = [H(w)] {F(w)}
where:
{F(w)} - Fourier spectra of Inputs (m - vector)
[H(w)] - Transfer Function matrix (n by m)
{X(w)} - Fourier spectra of Outputs (n - vector)
m - number of Inputs
n - number of Outputs
w - frequency variable
If Input Time Waveforms are provided as a Source, they are transformed to Fourier spectra before using the above equation
The calculated Output Fourier spectra are then transformed to Output Time Waveforms
The following block diagram depicts the Output calculation when the Inputs are provided as time waveforms, and either a Modal Model or Experimental FRFs are also provided for the Transfer Function matrix.
MIMO Output Calculation.
Cross spectra between Inputs & Outputs are calculated from Input Auto spectra & Transfer Functions using the formula;
[{X(w)}{F(w)}t] = [H(w)] [{F(w)}{F(w)}t]
where:
[{F(w)}{F(w)}t] - Input Auto spectrum matrix (m by m)
[H(w)] - Transfer Function matrix (n by m)
[{X(w)}{F(w)}t] - Cross spectrum matrix between Inputs & Outputs (n by m)
m - number of Inputs
n - number of Outputs
w - frequency variable (radians per second)
t - denotes transposed conjugate
Output Auto spectra or PSDs are calculated from Input Auto spectra or PSDs & Transfer Functions using the formula;
[{X(w)}{X(w)}t] = [H(w)] [{F(w)}{F(w)}t] [H(w)]t
where:
[{F(w)}{F(w)}t] - Input Auto spectrum matrix (m by m)
[H(w)] - Transfer Function matrix (n by m)
[{X(w)}{X(w)}t] - Output Auto spectrum matrix (n by n)
m - number of Inputs
n - number of Outputs
w - frequency variable (radians per second)
t - denotes transposed conjugate
Only the diagonal elements of the Output Auto spectrum matrix are calculated.